This family likely originated in England.
Two male line descendants of Emery Burton Goff b. 1881 IN took YDNA37 tests. Emery was a grandson of John Foster Goff b. 1821 PA. John Foster Goff was a son of Humphrey Goff b. 1789 NJ d. 1873 Mahoning Co., OH. This family migrated from NJ (probably Cape May Co.), to Mifflin Co., PA by 1818, then to Trumbull Co., OH by 1824. Mahoning was created, in part, from Trumbull in 1846 – the county line moved but Humphrey stayed put. Son John Foster Goff migrated in 1853 to Ossian, Wells Co., IN, where he died in 1889.atDNA matches to descendants of John Foster Goff’s sister, Rebecca Jane (Goff) Stogdill, confirm the connection to Humphrey Goff.
A great-grandson of Nelson Walter Goff b. 1857 Cape May Co., NJ is a 35/37 with the John Foster Goff descendants. Nelson was a son of Samuel M. Goff b. 1824 Cape May Co., NJ, son of David Goff b. 1794 Cape May Co., NJ, according to online family trees.
There are two genetic Goff families of Cape May Co., NJ. While online family trees show them sharing a paternal lineage, this is not possible as the YDNA haplogroups are different.
Jeremiah Goff lived in Mifflin Co., PA at the same time as Humphrey Goff and may have been brothers. In 1813, Jeremiah Goff, shoemaker in Lewistown, enlisted in the US Army. He was 27 years of age (b. ca. 1786), born in Cape May Co., NJ. This ties him to the 1821 state census when his occupation was also shoemaker.
Identifying and doing YDNA37 on untested Goff lineages out of Cape May Co., NJ will help sort out the two genetically distinct Goff families.